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Increased broadband penetration (BP) rates around the world have encouraged web designers to include more web content and additional functions on their web sites, thereby enhancing the richness and playfulness of the information. However, it is often very difficult for web surfers who are still using narrowband connections to access such web sites. Many university web sites target international audiences; therefore their download performance should be considered, as it may directly influence the user experience. This exploratory study examined 331 university hospitality and tourism department web sites in 37 countries. The empirical results showed that entry web pages of universities in Asia, with a medium BP rate (mid-BP), have the slowest download speeds, and those in Australia and New Zealand perform the best. The adoption rate of the Cascade Style Sheet (CSS) in Asia is relatively lower than that of other regions.
Chan, Steven; Leung, Rosanna; Law, Rob; and Shi, Wen
"Exploratory Study of the Download Speed of Leading University Hospitality and Tourism Department Websites Worldwide,"
Hospitality Review: Vol. 27
, Article 1.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/hospitalityreview/vol27/iss1/1