Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Second Advisor's Committee Title
Third Advisor's Name
John F. Clark
Third Advisor's Committee Title
Fourth Advisor's Name
Fourth Advisor's Committee Title
comparative policy, affirmative action, Brazil, critical theory, discourse analysis, racial threat, higher education, afrodescendants, social citizenship rights
Date of Defense
In the early part of the 21st century, both Brazil and the United States questioned the use of affirmative action policies that dictate the extent to which race is used as a factor in university admissions. This study compares discourse frameworks adopted by policymakers and subsequent affirmative action policies, in addition to Black enrollment trends in Brazil and the United States. This research contextualizes how three frameworks—justice, abstract liberal, and threat— shape race-based admission policies by examining demographic, admissions, and enrollment trends in both countries. I argue that discourse frameworks are a more reliable indicator than racial threat in determining affirmative action program types and outcomes. Highly centralized programs are at risk of being dismantled when policymakers employ threat frameworks that problematize affirmative action policies instead of current and past social and racial inequality.
Smith, Linda D., "Discourse, Threats, and Affirmative Action: A Comparative Analysis of Race-Based University Admissions Policies in Brazil and the United States" (2021). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4822.
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