Master of Arts (MA)
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International and Area Studies
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This thesis seeks to answer why the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA) has failed to achieve its two major goals: to create a socialist alternative to neoliberalism and foster mutual cooperation among the members. Important constructivist works from Nicolas Onuf and Alexander Wendt were used throughout. Emphasis is given to the debate between social construction and material reality that has hindered ALBA’s goals.
Three reasons led to why ALBA could not achieve its two major goals. First, the successors to the founding leaders of ALBA did not share the same sympathy toward socialism, and instead carved their own foreign policy. Second, ALBA did not create a socialist alternative since its programs were plagued by ill-defined rules. Third, China, Iran, and Russia, were pulled to ALBA due to the influence of Venezuela. These actors related to ALBA members on a bilateral basis, which hurt ALBA’s mutual cooperation.
Lopez, Victor, "The Bolivarian Dream: ALBA and the Cuba-Venezuela Alliance" (2020). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4573.
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