Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Speech-Language Pathology

First Advisor's Name

Alliete Alfano

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee chair

Second Advisor's Name

Eliane Ramos

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member

Third Advisor's Name

Angela Medina

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member


bilingual, spanish-speakers, perceptions, code-switching, adult second language

Date of Defense



The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions and experiences of Spanish-speaking parents who are learning English, before and after English-only and Spanish-only interactions with their children to find what their interactions would look like if they followed the advice of speaking English only with their children, as opposed to speaking in their native language. Eleven primarily Spanish speaking parents of typically developing children 12-46 months of age were interviewed prior to completing play samples with their children and again afterwards. The interviews were transcribed, translated, and analyzed using thematic analysis procedures to identify salient themes. Four major themes were found based on their perceptions and one on their experiences. Overall, participants expressed feeling limited and uncomfortable during their English-only interactions, including those that perceived feeling comfortable with English beforehand. Both English and Spanish was also found to be an extremely important part of their everyday lives.





Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).