Master of Science (MS)
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Third Advisor's Name
Michael R. Markham
Fourth Advisor's Name
Date of Defense
When infants confront darkness, a context many consider to be aversive and to elicit fear responses, their protests are often taken to denote fear of the dark. A functional analysis using the operant-learning paradigm was conducted of the role of contingent versus noncontingent maternal attention on protests when confronting darkness, in each of 10 human infants. In the laboratory, each mother served as interactor, her behaviors prompted by the experimenter. Identified were the controlling antecedents and consequences that shape and maintain infants' protests in darkness, and under an illuminated control condition. For every one of the 10 single-within subject designs, both in darkness and in the illuminated control context, the findings were that fear-denoting infant protests increased systematically under contingent maternal attention, and decreased systematically or did not change under attention contingent on alternative-to-protest responses. These findings broaden an understanding of the role maternal attention can play in infant learning and, particularly, in shaping fear-denoting protests in their infants confronting darkness (as well as illuminated settings) and, by implication, behaviors denoting others fears as well.
Sanchez, Aida Isabel, "Contingent maternal attention as determinant of infant's protest responses in dark and light contexts" (1997). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4452.
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).