Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Second Advisor's Committee Title
Third Advisor's Name
Third Advisor's Committee Title
Fourth Advisor's Name
Fourth Advisor's Committee Title
emotion socialization, behavior problems, emotion regulation, depression, parenting training
Date of Defense
Early parent-infant interactions play a critical role in the social, emotional, and behavioral development of children. While several aspects of parent-infant interactions have been thoroughly examined, parent emotion socialization has not been examined to the same extent. The current work aimed to examine the development of parent emotion-related talk in mothers of infants with and without elevated behavior problems in two studies. The first study examined the developmental trajectory of parent emotion-related talk among mothers of infants with and without elevated behaviors. Furthermore, a secondary goal of the study was to examine the effect of parent emotion-related talk on infant behavior and regulation. The study included 101 mother-infant dyads including 43 infants with and 58 infants without elevated behavior problems. All mothers completed a measure on child behavior, videotaped behavioral observations of mother-infant interactions, and a brief emotion regulation task with their infant at three assessments. Growth analyses demonstrated different developmental changes in parent emotion-related talk in mothers of infants with and without elevated behavior problems. For mothers of infants with elevated behavior problems, the starting point of parent emotion-related talk was very low with a significant linear increase, and no significant variability. However, for mothers of infants without elevated behavior problems, there was significant variability in the starting point of parent emotion-related talk as well as the trajectory over time. Furthermore, for mothers of infants with elevated behavior problems parent emotion-related talk at the first assessment significantly predicted infant emotion regulation at the third assessment. These preliminary results highlight the differences in parent emotion-related talk in mothers of infants.
The goal of the second study was to examine the effect of a brief in-home parenting intervention on parent emotion-related talk. The study included 58 mother-infant dyads, with 28 mother-infant dyads assigned to the standard care group and 30 mother-infant dyads assigned to the intervention group. Mothers in the intervention group used more parent emotion-related talk at post-intervention than mothers in the standard care group. Furthermore, maternal depressive symptoms at baseline significantly moderated the effect of the intervention on parent emotion-related talk at post-intervention and follow-up. Specifically, mothers with higher depressive symptoms at baseline who received the intervention, demonstrated higher levels of parent emotion-related talk than mothers with lower scores of depressive symptoms who received the intervention.
Lorenzo, Nicole Elise, "The Effect of Parent Emotion-related Talk on Infant Behavior and Emotion Regulation" (2018). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4282.
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).