The relationship between newcomer socialization and job satisfaction : a meta-analysis

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor's Name

C. Viswesvaran

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Juan Sanchez

Third Advisor's Name

Michelle Marks

Date of Defense



The principles of psychometric meta-analysis were utilized to cumulate the literature that examined the relationship between measures of newcomer socialization and job satisfaction. Over 450 correlations were analyzed. The overall analysis of the correlation between measures of newcomer socialization and job satisfaction found that a positive effect exists (rho=0.31). Thus, socialization programs, on average, have a positive effect on job satisfaction. While the moderator analysis found many large variations in the effect sizes, none of the moderators had a statistically significant influence. Socialization programs had more impact for entry managers than for veteran managers. Newcomers in the services industries benefited more from the socialization program than newcomers in the manufacture industries. Cross-sectional studies tended to show a stronger effect than longitudinal studies. The effectiveness of the socialization program was not influenced by the newcomer’s role type. More research is needed to explore the underlying process mechanisms of newcomer socialization.



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