Differences in sources of assistance with activities of daily living between Black and white non-Hispanic elderly in South Florida

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Occupational Therapy

First Advisor's Name

Gail A. Hills

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Paulette Johnson

Third Advisor's Name

Pamela Shaffner

Date of Defense



The purpose of this study was to determine which Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (lADLs) Black non-Hispanic elderly in South Florida reported having difficulty performing and what were their sources of assistance. One hundred and five Black and 288 White non-Hispanic elderly were compared based on their ADL and IADL difficulties and caregiving behaviors.

This study was based on the dataset from a larger (1900 subjects) Dade County Needs Assessment. Blacks reported significantly less difficulty (p

These findings demonstrated that occupational therapists need to be aware of the importance of informal networks in the Black community. A better understanding will allow therapists to develop better intervention and treatment plans for this population.



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