Is this trip necessary?

Document Type



Master of Fine Arts (MFA)


Creative Writing

First Advisor's Name

Denise Duhamel

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Campbell McGrath

Third Advisor's Name

Bruce Harvey

Date of Defense



IS THIS TRIP NECESSARY? is a collection of narrative poems portraying journeys. Section I focuses on the speaker's grandfather's journey from Lithuania to Ohio and on the speaker's Cleveland childhood. In Section II, an adult speaker, a psychiatrist, portrays the inner journeys of his patients and his own psychological development. Section III is a coming of age account of worldwide travel. Section IV explores the home the speaker finds in Florida, and its connections to the world. Literary sources for this book include Chaucer and Shakespeare's depictions of journeys and a sense of culture, profession, and place. Whitman expressed American dynamism, pride, and break with tradition. Several contemporary poets deal with migration, inner journeys, and/or health including the writer-healers Richard Berlin, Rafael Campo, and Cortney Davis. Poetic forms used in this book include sonnets, a double sonnet crown, sestinas, prose poems, list poems, abecedarians, haikus, and originally structured verse.



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