Reducing preoperative anxiety

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor's Name

Terri Frock

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Donna Rush

Third Advisor's Name

Oliver David Anderson

Date of Defense



The effect of a pre-operative self-educational program on pre-operative state-anxiety was explored on 43 same day, non-diagnostic, surgical patients. Controls (22) received verbal preoperative instructions. The treatment group (21) received, in addition, a self-instructional preoperative booklet. The study addressed the research question. Will administration of a pre-operative self-instructional educational tool reduce self-reported anxiety? The level of client anxiety was measured by the Spielberger State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Pre- and post-intervention scores were analyzed using t-tests for paired samples. A Pearson product moment correlation was calculated on the STAI scores. The data collected did not demonstrate that the experimental treatment was effective in reducing anxiety, t(42) = -0.73. Findings indicated the need for improved education and continued research into alternative, cost effective modalities, useful in reducing preoperative anxiety.



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