Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Telecommunications and Networking

First Advisor's Name

Kia Makki

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Niki Pissinou

Third Advisor's Name

Jean Andrian

Date of Defense



The purpose of this thesis was to investigate some of the issues related to routing and medium access control protocol in ad hoc networks. In routing protocol, the goal is to tackle the power consumption problem and to present a case for using new cost energy-aware metric for Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV). The idea of the new cost metric is to be able to avoid routes with a low energy capacity. By using this approach, high efficiency in energy consumption can be achieved in Ad-Hoc networks.

The second goal of this thesis was to investigate the blocking problem induced by Request-to-Send/Clear-to-Send (RTS/CTS) mechanism in detail and provide a solution to overcome that problem. To do so, a new parameter is proposed by which the Medium Access control (MAC) protocol will decide when to switch between RTS/CTS mechanism (the 4-way-handshaking) and the Basic Access method (the 2-way-handshaking) in order to reduce the effect of the blocking problem in Ad Hoc networks.





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