The effect of a history of colic on carbohydrate absorption in infants consuming different fruit juices

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Dietetics and Nutrition

First Advisor's Name

Fatma G. Hufiman

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Russell Rising

Third Advisor's Name

Fima Lifshitz

Fourth Advisor's Name

Michele Ciccazzo

Date of Defense



The purpose of the research was to determine if a history of colic plays a role in carbohydrate absorption in infants consuming either apple or white grape juice. In this double-blind study, 31 infants (5.0 ± 0.4 months, 7.5 ± 0.9 Kg, 64.1 ± 3.8 cm, 29.2 ±3.4 % fat and 5.1 ± 0.6 Kg fat-free mass) were divided into four groups and were fed 120 ml of either white grape (sorbitol free;1:1 fructose to glucose ratio) or apple (sorbitol 0.5 g/dl; 2.3:1 fructose to glucose ratio) juice. Sixteen of the infants had a history of colic. During the study continuous physical activity (PA) and metabolic rate (MR) were measured for 0.5 hours before and 3.0 hours after juice load using an infant respiratory chamber. Carbohydrate absorption was determined every 30 minutes after juice feeding by breath hydrogen (BH2) gas analysis. Statistical differences between groups were determined by one way ANOVA and by independent t-test.

Infants with history of colic and fed apple juice showed increased PA (p



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