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Document Type




First Advisor's Name

José R. Almirall

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Watson Lees

Third Advisor's Name

Bruce McCord

Fourth Advisor's Name

Yong Cai

Fifth Advisor's Name

De Etta Kay Mills

Date of Defense



Cannabis sativa is the most frequently used of all illicit drugs in the United States. Cannabis has been used throughout history for its stems in the production of hemp fiber, for its seed for oil and food, and for its buds and leaves as a psychoactive drug. Short tandem repeats (STRs), were chosen as molecular markers because of their distinct advantages over other genetic methods. STRs are co-dominant, can be standardized such that reproducibility between laboratories can be easily achieved, have a high discrimination power and can be multiplexed. In this study, six STR markers previously described for Cannabis were multiplexed into one reaction. The multiplex reaction was able to individualize 98 Cannabis samples (14 hemp and 84 marijuana, authenticated as originating from 33 of the 50 United States) and detect 29 alleles averaging 4.8 alleles per loci. The data did not relate the samples from the same state to each other. This is the first study to report a single reaction six-plex and apply it to the analysis of almost 100 Cannabis samples of known geographic collection site.





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