Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor's Name

María A. Gómez

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Santiago Juan-Navarro

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Third Advisor's Name

Ricardo Castells

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Aurora Morcillo

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member


Spanish, Literature, Masculinities, Gender Violence, Gender Studies, History, Spanish Postwar, Francoism, Ideology

Date of Defense



While it may be argued that aggression against women is part of a culture of violence deeply rooted in Spanish society, the gender-related violence that exists in today’s Spain is more specifically a legacy of Franco’s dictatorship (1939-1975). Franco’s Spain endorsed unequal gender relations, championed patriarchal dominance and power over women, and imposed models of hegemonic and authoritarian masculinities that internalized violence by rendering it a feature inseparable from manhood and virility.

This dissertation provides a comprehensive analysis of masculinity and gender violence in Franco’s Spain, by analyzing the novel as the primary cultural vehicle of social criticism and political dissent against the new regime during a period (1939-1962) dominated by silence and censorship. The first part of this work defines and elucidates the concepts of masculinity and gender violence and the relationship between them. It also compares the significant social and cultural achievements of Spanish women during the Second Republic (1931-1939) with the reactionary curbing of those achievements during Francoism. The second part of this research presents a multidisciplinary analysis of masculinity and gender violence in three novels: Nada (1944) by Carmen Laforet, Juegos de manos (1954) by Juan Goytisolo and Tiempo de silencio (1962) by Luis Martin Santos.

Through the literary representation of different models of masculinity and the psychological and social parameters that encourage and incite gender violence, these authors conceptualize and express their political ideology, as well as their symbolic interpretation of Francoist Spain.





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