Planning of schools as communities

Document Type



Master of Architecture (MArch)



First Advisor's Name

Jaime Canaves

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Marilys Nepomechie

Third Advisor's Name

John A. Stuart

Fourth Advisor's Name

Rudolph F. Crew

Date of Defense



The purpose of this research paper was to conduct a literature review to explore both the physical and historical aspects of schools and their communities in order to ascertain the nature of the disconnect that exists today between schools and communities. This paper reviews the purpose of the public school, from the origin of the one-room schoolhouse to today's urban schools; the impact of immigration, segregation, technology and industrialization on the public school and the forces behind public school reform. The reform processes and the programs developed to stimulate the public school including the transformation of the learning environment in the communities they serve was discussed. The research indicates that the return to a community school with small learning environments that involves communities and residents in the planning of schools as communities, is the most promising form of public school reform.



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