Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Environmental Studies

First Advisor's Name

Manadev Bhat

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Assefa Melesse

Third Advisor's Name

Michael McClain

Fourth Advisor's Name

Pallab Mozumder

Date of Defense



The Mara River in East Africa is currently experiencing poor water quality and increased fluctuations in seasonal flow. This study investigated technically effective and economically viable Best Management Practices for adoption in the Mara River Basin of Kenya that can stop further water resources degradation.

A survey of 155 farmers was conducted in the upper catchment of the Kenyan side of the river basin. Farmers provided their assessment of BMPs that would best suit their farm in terms of water quality improvement, economic feasibility, and technical
suitability. Cost data on different practices from farmers and published literature was collected. The results indicated that erosion control structures and runoff management practices were most suitable for adoption. The study estimated the total area that would be improved to restore water quality and reduce further water resources degradation. Farmers were found to incur losses from adopting new practices and would therefore require monetary support.





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