Development and assessment of a method to estimate meal intake of nursing home residents

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Dietetics and Nutrition

First Advisor's Name

Victoria Casellanos

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Yvonne Parchment

Third Advisor's Name

Nancy Wellman

Date of Defense



The objective was to develop and validate a method for estimating food intake of nursing home residents. The study was conducted with certified nursing assistants (CNAs) at a 180-bed nursing facility. CNAs assisted in the development of the new method by providing feedback on existing estimation methods. Four simulated resident trays were used to estimate both food intake and overall meal intake. Twelve CNAs' intake estimates for 34 simulated food items (n=384 estimates) were compared to weighed values. Eightyfive percent of the 384 intake estimates for the simulated food items were correct; Cohen's kappa was 0.80, p



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