Frequency-Multiplexed Array Digitization for MIMO Receivers: 4-Antennas/ADC at 28 GHz on Xilinx ZCU-1285 RF SoC
Date of this Version
Communications at mm-wave frequencies and above rely heavily on beamforming antenna arrays. Typically, hundreds, if not thousands, of independent antenna channels are used to achieve high SNR for throughput and increased capacity. Using a dedicated ADC per antenna receiver is preferable but it's not practical for very large arrays due to unreasonable cost and complexity. Frequency division multiplexing (FDM) is a well-known technique for combining multiple signals into a single wideband channel. In a first of its kind measurements, this paper explores FDM for combining multiple antenna outputs at IF into a single wideband signal that can be sampled and digitized using a high-speed wideband ADC. The sampled signals are sub-band filtered and digitally down-converted to obtain individual antenna channels. A prototype receiver was realized with a uniform linear array consisting of 4 elements with 250 MHz bandwidth per channel at 28 GHz carrier frequency. Each of the receiver chains were frequency-multiplexed at an intermediate frequency of 1 GHz to avoid the requirement for multiple, precise local oscillators (LOs). Combined narrowband receiver outputs were sampled using a single ADC with digital front-end operating on a Xilinx ZCU-1285 RF SoC FPGA to synthesize 4 digital beams. The approach allows $M$ -fold increase in spatial degrees of freedom per ADC, for temporal oversampling by a factor of $M$.
Akram, Najath; Madanayake, Arjuna; Pulipati, Sravan; Ariyarathna, Viduneth; Venkatakrishnan, Satheesh Bojja; Psychogiou, Dimitra; Volakis, John; Rappaport, Theodore S.; and Marzetta, Thomas L., "Frequency-Multiplexed Array Digitization for MIMO Receivers: 4-Antennas/ADC at 28 GHz on Xilinx ZCU-1285 RF SoC" (2021). Electrical and Computer Engineering Faculty Publications. 83.