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This paper presents a combinatorial standalone permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based variable speed wind turbine (VSWT) and small-size superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) system into the DC microgrid system. The principal purpose of SMES system is to preserve power balance by absorbing power during peak wind generation and to release it during low power generation. This work accomplished by describing the optimized design of the SMES solenoid coil, ensuring the desired energy storage capacity based on the simulated annealing (SA) algorithm. More importantly, the new control technique is developed for bi-directional DC-DC converter to level output power of the wind turbine depending on the demand thereby reducing the capacity of the DC-DC converter system. Detailed simulation studies implemented in PSCAD/EMTDC corroborate the superior robustness and balancing performance of the proposed micro-SMES controller with an optimal coil size under various situations including variable wind speed. This combination will result in “scaling-factors” knowledge through downsizing strategy which will lead to the most efficient system from cost cutting, energy savings, and downsizing viewpoints.


Originally published in the International Journal of Energy Sciences.



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