Centrifugal separation of molten steel and glass mixtures

Pinnavasal Nagarajan Krishnamurthy Kalyana Sundaram Iyer, Florida International University


A lot of mixed vitrified waste exists at DOE sites, which contain valuable metal having great potential for being reused in industry. Of these useful metals, steel constitutes more than 45% of the volume. Using the differential centrifugal separation technology, steel is separated by using remote melting of the mixed waste. The high costs involved are directly proportional to the time involved in separation of the steel from the mixed waste. This is determined by using similitude principles. Having obtained a solidified steel ingot by melting, it is essential to determine the decontaminated portions of the ingot that can be released to industry. Two parameters representing measures of separation are proposed—the Centrifugal Fluid Separation Number and the Thermal Separation Number. Regression correlations are determined to express the estimated time of separation. Experimental analysis of solidified ingots has shown that when the Thermal Separation Number is less than 1700 the steel contains little or no trace of glass. This result can be used to recycle steel back to industry. ^

Subject Area

Engineering, Mechanical|Engineering, Nuclear|Engineering, Environmental

Recommended Citation

Sundaram Iyer, Pinnavasal Nagarajan Krishnamurthy Kalyana, "Centrifugal separation of molten steel and glass mixtures" (2000). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI9966110.