Extended principal component analysis and its applications to image analysis

Habibie Sumargo, Florida International University


The objectives of this research are to analyze and develop a modified Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and to develop a two-dimensional PCA with applications in image processing. PCA is a classical multivariate technique where its mathematical treatment is purely based on the eigensystem of positive-definite symmetric matrices. Its main function is to statistically transform a set of correlated variables to a new set of uncorrelated variables over $\IR\sp{n}$ by retaining most of the variations present in the original variables. The variances of the Principal Components (PCs) obtained from the modified PCA form a correlation matrix of the original variables. The decomposition of this correlation matrix into a diagonal matrix produces a set of orthonormal basis that can be used to linearly transform the given PCs. It is this linear transformation that reproduces the original variables. The two-dimensional PCA can be devised as a two successive of one-dimensional PCA. It can be shown that, for an $m\times n$ matrix, the PCs obtained from the two-dimensional PCA are the singular values of that matrix. In this research, several applications for image analysis based on PCA are developed, i.e., edge detection, feature extraction, and multi-resolution PCA decomposition and reconstruction.

Subject Area

Electrical engineering|Computer science

Recommended Citation

Sumargo, Habibie, "Extended principal component analysis and its applications to image analysis" (1997). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI9816379.