Multifunctional nanoparticles in cancer: In vitro characterization, in vivo distribution, and cellular response after laser-NIR dye-induced heating
A novel biocompatible and biodegradable polymer, termed poly(Glycerol malate co-dodecanedioate) (PGMD), was prepared by thermal condensation method and used for fabrication of nanoparticles (NPs). PGMD NPs were prepared using the single oil emulsion technique and loaded with an imaging/hyperthermia agent (IR820) and a chemotherapeutic agent (doxorubicin, DOX). The size of the void PGMD NPs, IR820-PGMD NPs and DOX-IR820-PGMD NPs were approximately 90 nm, 110 nm, and 125 nm respectively. An acidic environment (pH=5.0) induced higher DOX and IR820 release compared to pH=7.4. DOX release was also enhanced by exposure to laser, which increased the temperature to 42°C. Cytotoxicity of DOX-IR820-PGMD NPs was comparable in MES-SA but was higher in Dx5 cells compared to free DOX plus IR820 (p<0.05). The combination of hyperthermia (HT) and chemotherapy improved cytotoxicity in both cell lines. We also explored the cellular response after rapid, short-term and low thermal dose (laser/Dye/NP) induced-heating, and compared it to slow, long-term and high thermal dose cell incubator heating by investigating the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, hypoxia-inducible factor-1&agr; (HIF-1&agr;) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. The cytotoxicity of IR820-PGMD NPs after laser/Dye/NP HT resulted in higher cancer cell killing compared to incubator HT. ROS level, HIF-1&agr; and VEGF expression were elevated under incubator HT, while maintained at the baseline level under the laser/Dye/NP HT. In vivo mouse studies showed that NP formulation significantly improved the plasma half-life of IR820 after tail vein injection. Significant lower IR820 content was observed in kidney in DOX-IR820-PGMD NP treatment as compared to free IR820 treatment in our biodistribution studies (p<0.05). In conclusion, both IR820-PGMD NPs and DOX-IR820-PGMD NPs were successfully developed and used for both imaging and therapeutic purposes. Rapid and short-term laser/Dye/NP HT, with a low thermal dose, did not up-regulate HIF-1&agr; and VEGF expression, whereas slow and long-term incubator HT, with a high thermal dose, can enhance expression of both HIF-1&agr; and VEGF.
Cellular biology|Biomedical engineering|Biophysics|Oncology
Lei, Tingjun, "Multifunctional nanoparticles in cancer: In vitro characterization, in vivo distribution, and cellular response after laser-NIR dye-induced heating" (2013). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI3567295.