The rise of Islamism among Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands

Gonul Tol, Florida International University


This study is a comparative study of the Turkish Islamist movement Milli Görüş (IGMG) in Germany and the Netherlands. It is a qualitative and a quantitative inquiry about the nature (whether it is moderate or radical) of the Milli Görüş movement in these two countries. The central research questions are: what is the reason for the rise of Islamism among Turks living in two different countries in Europe? What is the reason for the difference in the radicalization levels? Islamism refers to an ideology that turns traditional Islam into a sustained and systematic program that includes social, political, and economic affairs (Pipes 1998). The movements within the framework of Islamism range from moderate to radical. Based on the data collected during the field research conducted in Germany and the Netherlands between the years of 2004-2007, this study suggests that Islamism is a response to social marginalization which is defined as “an external social position, of isolation of the individual or groups, with a limited access to economical, political, educational and communicational resources of the community” (Contained in the law adopted by the Romanian Parliament in 28 February 2002,, November 25, 2004). It is hypothesized that as the level of social marginalization increases, so does the level of radicalization.

Subject Area

Islamic Studies|Political science

Recommended Citation

Tol, Gonul, "The rise of Islamism among Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands" (2008). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI3388204.