Occurrence and environmental fate of Irgarol 1051, a new antifouling agent

Manolo David Plasencia, Florida International University


The purpose of this study is to characterize the degradation products of Irgarol 1051(2-methylthio-4-tertbutylamino-6-cyclopropylamino- s-triazine), a compound recently developed for use as an antifouling agent on boat hulls. The photolytic fate of this compound in different natural waters will be used in the development of a monitoring program designed to survey the occurrence of this compound and its degradation products in South Florida marinas, the Miami River and surrounding coastal areas. The transformation of Irgarol 1051 and degradation rate constants were characterized in a photo-reactor under simulated natural conditions. The degradation pathway in the UVB-UVA region (300nm to 350nm) closely resembled the transformations under natural conditions in the pond, showing that both direct photolysis and the presence of natural sensitizers play an important role in the abiotic transformation of this compound. Irgarol 1051 has an average environmental half-life of 10 days in surface waters. Average concentrations from samples around Biscayne Bay and the Miami River increased from 1–5 ng/L during 1999 and increased to between 28 and 38 ng/L in 2001, respectively. Irgarol concentrations showed a strong correlation with concentrations of its major transformation product, M1, from samples collected as part of the study ([M1]/[Irgarol] = 0.247, R2 = 0.9165, n = 125).

Subject Area

Analytical chemistry|Environmental science

Recommended Citation

Plasencia, Manolo David, "Occurrence and environmental fate of Irgarol 1051, a new antifouling agent" (2001). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI1407159.