Sequence analysis of complementary DNAs encoding C3 in the nurse shark (Ginglymostoma cirratum)
Mammalian C3 is a pivotal complement protein, encoded for by a single gene. In some vertebrate species multiple C3 isoforms are products of different C3 genes. The goal of this study was to determine whether multiple genes encode for shark C3. A protocol was developed for the isolation of mRNA from shark blood for the isolation of C3 cDNA clones. RT-PCR amplification of mRNA, using sense (GCGEQNM) and antisense (TWLTAYV) primers encoding conserved regions of human C3, yielded 21 clones. The C3-like clones isolated shared 97% similarity with each other and 40% similarity to human C3. RACE-PCR amplification of shark liver RNA, using gene specific primers, yielded products ranging from 1800bp to 3000bp. Deduced amino acid sequence, corresponding to 408bp of the 1800bp fragment, was obtained which showed 51% similarity to human C3. These results suggest that nurse shark C3 might be encoded for by more than one gene.
Lee, Catherine Courtney, "Sequence analysis of complementary DNAs encoding C3 in the nurse shark (Ginglymostoma cirratum)" (1999). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI1395747.