Terahertz Plasmonic Devices
Terahertz (THz) devices are designed to operate from 0.1-10 THz. The THz spectra have unique properties such as penetration through soft materials and reflecting from hard materials, which make THz technologies, a prime candidate for imaging. Plasmons are longitudinal charge oscillations in carrier rich materials. Plasmons can be generated over the channel of transistors inducing a voltage between the source-drain when conditions are satisfied. In this thesis, plasmonic devices operating in the THz region have been studied both theoretically and experimentally investigating GaN/AlGaN and Graphene based transistors. First, we report on a detailed study of dispersion properties of uniform grating gate THz plasmonic crystals, asymmetric dual grating gate plasmonic crystals and with symmetry-breaking defect-like cavities in order to understand the physics behind THz plasmons. For the first time, we defined the dispersion of plasmons in terms of effective plasmonic index. By adding an additional grating on top of the grating gate with a different periodicity, doubles the amount of absorption. Plasmons can be excited when polarization is perpendicular to the gate. We then showed focusing and exciting of THz plasmons polarization independent using circular grating lenses. Sub-micron THz ring resonators are presented showing THz guiding in plasmonic waveguides. So far, resonant sensing has been observed only at cryogenic temperatures since electron mobility is high enough at low temperatures to sustain resonant plasmonic excitation at the channel of the detector. Recently, graphene attracted the attention of the researchers because of its high mobility at room temperature. Room temperature detection has been attempted and achieved, however the detectors have very small responsivity with non-resonant behavior since the graphene is sandwiched and fabrication of such detectors in large scale is impossible with the methods used. Here, we present a resonant room temperature detection of THz with upside down free standing graphene FETs having more than a 400 quality factor, a record high number in the field which is up to 50 times higher than GaN detectors and hundreds of responsivity values with a maximum around 400 V/W which is record high for graphene (10,000 times higher than previously reported graphene detector).
Karabiyik, Mustafa, "Terahertz Plasmonic Devices" (2017). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI10744516.