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The third centenary of the publication of Miguel de Cervantes'Don Quixote was celebrated throughout the Spanish-speaking world, but the Cuban commemoration was particularly problematic because of the social divisions that remained on the Island following the recent War of Independence of 1895-1898. On the one hand, the conservative Diario de la Marina newspaper used the centenary to celebrate the cultural relations between Spain and Cuba in an elaborate program held in what is now the Gran Teatro de la Habana Alicia Alonso. On the other, the University of Havana held its own commemoration one week later to honor Cervantes while simultaneously proclaiming the Island's cultural and literary independence from Spain. This talk analyzes how the speeches of four of the University's professors reflected an early optimism about the young Republic's boundless opportunities, even as they dealt with the Island's recent colonial history. Dr. Ricardo



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Cuban Research Institute


Arts and Humanities

Criollos, Peninsulares, and the University of Havana's Commemoration of the Third Centenary of Don Quixote (1905)



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