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Members of the Association of American Medical Colleges Core Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) for Entering Residency Pilot worked to conceptualize how graduates might be entrusted for EPA 9: Collaborate as a member of an interprofessional team. Through an iterative group process informed by the literature and application to local curriculum and clinical experiences, we drafted a developmental framework and curriculum mapping tool. Ultimately, entrustment requires assessment in clinical settings. Nonetheless, teamwork and communication skills that are relevant to future entrustment can be taught and assessed in pre-clinical contexts such as small groups to ensure students are on an entrustment trajectory.


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