Date of this Version
Background: Since the high incidence of HIV in the United State in 1981, HIV/AIDS stigmatization continues to play a leading source of discrimination against people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHIVA) and have negatively impacted all aspects of their lives, such as obtaining life insurance, health care, employment, education, housing, and affect their relationships with their friends, their sexual partners, and their family members. Therefore, this group living with HIV/AIDS has dealt with rejection, depression, loneliness, loss of work, homelessness, and denial of health insurance. HIV-related stigma is reported to be a major challenge for PLWHIVA to seek care or continue care.
Purpose: The objective of this quality improvement project is to identify HIV-related stigma among healthcare providers through an anonymous survey and to create an educative intervention to address the identified stigma and improve healthcare providers’ attitudes toward HIV.
Methods: A plan Do Act methodology was used to conduct this improvement project, where a literature review of previous studies related to the subject was done to find relevant tools for approaching HIV-related stigma among healthcare providers and educative intervention to improve healthcare providers' attitudes toward PLWHIVA. An anonymous survey was made through Qualtrics using the Likert scale and open-ended questions to assess the providers’ views regarding people living with HIV. Then a PowerPoint educative intervention was conducted through zoom followed by a post-survey with similar questions to the pre-survey.
Results: A two-tailed t-test for independent samples (equal variances assumed) showed that the difference between pretest and Posttest with respect to the dependent variable was not statistically significant, t (8) = -0.22, p = .833, 95% confidence interval [-24.82, 20.53].
Jean Charles, Marie Eronne, "HIV-Related Stigma among Healthcare Providers : a quality improvement Project." (2021). Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing Student Projects. 96.