Date of this Version
Background: Sickle cell trait (SCT) for long has been regarded as a benign condition and as such healthcare providers do little to nothing to mitigate adverse health problems associated with sickle cell trait. An effective approach to improving health outcome for those with SCT is to educate providers on SCT, its complications and management. This study is aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of an educational intervention on providers’ knowledge, attitude and practice regarding sickle cell trait.
Method: A quasi experiment study was conducted in Jackson Health System on 30 providers belonging to internal medicine team to evaluate their pre and post knowledge, attitude and practice towards SCT.
Result: Out of 30 providers recruited for the study, 21 completed both the pretest and posttest questionnaire giving a response rate of 70%. The overall score improved after the educational intervention, however the overall mean score for pretest and posttest was not significantly different (p = 0.223). There was a significant difference (p = 0.045) between the knowledge mean score for pretest and posttest. Attitude scores for pretest and posttest were not significantly different (p= 0.545). A similar finding was obtained for practice score (P-value 0.604).
Conclusion: Educational intervention was effective in improving knowledge, attitude and practice of providers regarding sickle cell trait. Therefore this effort must be sustained through continuous education within the institution to increase awareness towards sickle cell trait among healthcare providers especially for new hires.
Key Words: Health care providers, African Americans, mitigation, Knowledge, attitude, practice, sickle cell trait, genetic counseling, Rhabdomyolysis, status, screening
Udechukwu, Stella N., "The role of healthcare providers in using the knowledge of sickle cell trait to mitigate health problems in African American Clients." (2021). Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing Student Projects. 22.