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Objective: Malignancy-related ascites (MRA) is the terminal stage of many advanced cancers, and the treatment is mainly palliative. This study looked for epidemiology and inpatient hospital outcomes of patients with MRA in the United States using a national database. Methods: The current study was a cross-sectional analysis of 2015 National Inpatient Sample data and consisted of patients ≥18 years with MRA. Descriptive statistics were used for understanding demographics, clinical characteristics, and MRA hospitalization costs. Multivariate regression models were used to identify predictors of length of hospital stay and in-hospital mortality. Results: There were 123 410 MRA hospitalizations in 2015. The median length of stay was 4.7 days (interquartile range [IQR]: 2.5-8.6 days), median cost of hospitalization was US$43 543 (IQR: US$23 485-US$82 248), and in-hospital mortality rate was 8.8% (n = 10 855). Multivariate analyses showed that male sex, black race, and admission to medium and large hospitals were associated with increased hospital length of stay. Factors associated with higher in-hospital mortality rates included male sex; Asian or Pacific Islander race; beneficiaries of private insurance, Medicaid, and self-pay; patients residing in large central and small metro counties; nonelective admission type; and rural and urban nonteaching hospitals. Conclusions: Our study showed that many demographic, socioeconomic, health care, and geographic factors were associated with hospital length of stay and in-hospital mortality and may suggest disparities in quality of care. These factors could be targeted for preventing unplanned hospitalization, decreasing hospital length of stay, and lowering in-hospital mortality for this population.