Off-campus FIU users: To download campus-access content, please use the following link to log in to our proxy server with your FIU library username and password.

Non-FIU users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this content through interlibrary loan.

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science



First Advisor

Dr.Kalai Mathee


Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an ubiquitous Gram-negative opportunistic pathogen that is commonly found in nosocomial infections, immunocompromised patients and burn victims. In addition, P. aeruginosa colonizes the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients, leading to chronic infection, which inevitably leads to their demise. In this research, I analyzed the factors contributing to P. aeruginosa antibiotic resistance, such as the biofilm mode of growth, alginate production, and 13-lactamase synthesis. Using the biofilm eradication assay (MBEC™ assay), I exposed P. aeruginosa to B-lactams (piperacillin, ceftazidime, and cefotaxime ), aminoglycosides ( amikacin, tobramycin and gentamicin), and a fluoroquinolone ( ciprofloxacin) at various concentrations. I analyzed the effects of biofilm on P. aeruginosa antibiotic resistance, and confirmed that the parent strain PAO 1 biofilms cells were > 100 times more resistant than planktonic (freefloating) cells. The constitutively alginate-producing strain PDO300 exhibited an altered resistance pattern as compared to the parent strain P AO 1. Finally, the role of AmpR, the regulator of ampC-encoded 13-lactamase expression was analyzed by determining the resistance of the strain carrying a mutation in the ampR gene and compared to the parent strain PAOl. It was confirmed that the loss of ampR contributes to increased antibiotic resistance.



Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).