Date of this Version

10-1-2015

Document Type

Article

Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined the physical and mental health, grief and role functioning of 136 grandparents in the first year after death of their young grandchild (newborn through 6æyears). Grandparents were 36?77æyears old; 73æ% female; 24æ% Hispanic, 38æ% Black/African American, and 38æ% White. Mean age of the 115 deceased grandchildren was 12.8æmonths (SDæ=æ20.71) with 37æ% <1æmonth old; 65æ% were male, 77æ% died in the hospital. Grandparents were recruited through state death records and interviewed by telephone. Grandparents experienced: clinical depression (31æ%), PTSD (35æ%); illnesses (28æ%), hospitalizations, new chronic healthæconditions (mental disorders, hypertension, angina, cancer), and medication changes. Grandparents who provided care for the deceased grandchild had more intense symptoms of grief, depression and PTSD and more trouble focusing at their jobs. Severity of depressive and/or PTSD symptoms were more likely to be at clinically important levels for grandparents who had provided childcare for the deceased grandchild than for non-caregiving grandparents. Black grandparents had more severe symptoms of PTSD and thought more about their deceased grandchild on the job than White grandparents. The interaction effect of race/ethnicity and provision of child care was significant for PTSD and Blame and Anger. Hispanic grandparents who provided some child care for their deceased grandchild had less severe PTSD symptoms than caregiving Black and White grandparents. Caregiving Hispanic grandparents also experienced less Blame and Anger than White caregiving grandparents.

Originally Published In

Journal of Community Health

PMID

25820932

DOI

10.1007/s10900-015-0018-0

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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