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Paphiopedilum armeniacum is a rare and endangered lady’s slipper orchid in China. It is distributed around the mid-elevations of the Nu Mountains in southwest China. Due to over-harvest, habitat loss, and degradation, wild populations of P. armeniacum has declined drastically. A combination of approaches involving biotechnology, habitat restoration, and interspecific relationship reconstruction was used to carry out the reintroduction of the species. Integrated conservation program for this species included in-situ protection, ex-situ conservation, and reintroduction, which helped to rebuild a harmonious relationship between local farmers and P. armeniacum. The sustainable utilization of native plant resources in poor areas can promote regional sustainable development which is compatible with species protection.
Wang, Meina; Li, Suzhen; Chen, Lijun; Li, Jian; Li, Liqiang; Rao, Wenhui; Liu, Hong; Chen, Jianbin; and Ren, Hai, "Conservation and reintroduction of the rare and endangered orchid Paphiopedilum armeniacum" (2021). All Faculty. 485.