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Background Serum Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase (GGT), a marker of oxidative stress, has been suggested to be independently associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. We examined the association of serum GGT levels with the burden of subclinical inflammation across a spectrum of metabolic conditions. Methods We evaluated 5,446 asymptomatic subjects (43?±?10æyears, 78æ% males) who had an employer-sponsored physical between 2008 and 2010. Highly sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) was measured as a marker of underlying systemic inflammation. A linear regression of GGT quartiles with log transformed hsCRP and a multivariate logistic regression of GGT quartiles with elevated hsCRP (?3æmg/L) were performed. Results Median GGT was 31æIU/l (IQR: 22?45æIU/l), 1025 (19æ%) had hsCRP???3æmg/L. The median hsCRP increased with GGT quartiles (Q1: 0.9æmg/L, Q2: 1.1æmg/L, Q3: 1.4æmg/L, Q4: 1.6æmg/L, p?0.001). Linear regression models showed GGT in the fourth quartile was associated with 0.45æmg/L (95æ% CI 0.35, 0.54, p?0.001) increase in log transformed hsCRP adjusting for risk factors. The Odds Ratio (OR) for an elevated hsCRP (?3æmg/L) also increased with higher GGT quartiles; GGT Q2 1.44 (95æ% CI 1.12, 1.85), GGT Q3 1.89 (95æ% CI 1.45, 2.46), GGT Q4 2.22æ(95æ% CI 1.67, 2.95), compared to GGT Q1. The strength of association increased in the presence of and combination of metabolic conditions. Conclusion In our cohort of asymptomatic individuals a higher serum GGT level was independently associated with increased burden of subclinical inflammation across metabolic states. These findings may explain GGT association with increased CVD risk.
Originally Published In
Nutrition & Metabolism
Ali, Shozab S.; Oni, Ebenezer T.; Blaha, Michael J.; Veledar, Emir; R.; S.; D.; Langa, Kenneth L.; and Llewellyn, David J., "Elevated gamma-glutamyl transferase is associated with subclinical inflammation independent of cardiometabolic risk factors in an asymptomatic population: a cross-sectional study" (2016). All Faculty. 124.
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