Master of Science (MS)
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Third Advisor's Name
Cyanobacteria, Fischerella, Hapalindoles, Zebrafish Embryo, Stigonemataceae, Indole Alkaloid
Date of Defense
Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, are known to produce a number of biologically active compounds. Extracts of cultured cyanobacteria isolated from South Florida sources were screened for possible developmental toxins using the zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryo as a model of vertebrate development. A strain of cyanobacteria, Fischerella 52-1, isolated from the Florida Everglades, was found to produce metabolites that caused a consistent developmental dysfunction in embryos exposed to lipophilic extract. Initial chemical characterization of the bioactive fraction identified a series of eight apparent indole-containing compounds. The two main components were purified using the zebrafish embryo model to guide the fractionation. Chemical characterization using 1- and 2-dimensional NMR, HESIMS, HRHESIMS, and IR determined that the two main compounds were the previously identified 12-epi-Hapalindole H Isonitrile, and a novel compound 12-epi-Ambiugine B Nitrile. The major contributor of the developmental defects detected in the zebrafish embryos was 12-epi-Hapalindole H Isonitrile.
Walton, Katherine E., "Identification, Isolation, and Characterization of Developmental Toxins from the Cyanobacterium Fischerella 52-1 Using the Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Embryo Model" (2012). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Paper 645.