Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Advisor's Name

Kang K. Yen

Advisor's Title

Committee Chair

Advisor's Name

Jean H. Andrian

Advisor's Name

Deng Pan

Advisor's Name

Yimin Zhu

Keywords

Multiuser Detection, Multiple Input Multiple Output, Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing, Blind Signal Separation

Date of Defense

3-26-2012

Abstract

This dissertation introduces three novel multiuser detection approaches in Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems by blind signal separation (BSS) techniques. The conventional methodologies for multiuser detection have to retransmit channel state information (CSI) constantly from the transmitter in MIMO ODFM systems at the cost of economic efficiency, because they require more channel resources to improve the communication quality. Compared with the traditional methodologies, the proposed BSS methods are relatively efficient approaches without the unnecessary retransmission of channel state information.

The current methodologies apply the space-time coding or the spatial multiplexing to implement an MIMO OFDM system, which requires relatively complex antenna design and allocation in the transmitter. The proposed Spatial Division Multiple Access (SDMA) method enables different mobile users to share the same bandwidth simultaneously in different geographical locations, and this scheme requires only one antenna for each mobile user. Therefore, it greatly simplifies the antenna design and allocation.

The goal of this dissertation is to design and implement three blind multiuser detection schemes without knowing the channel state information or the channel transfer function in the SDMA-based uplink MIMO OFDM system. The proposed scenarios include: (a) the BSS-only scheme, (b) the BSS-Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) scheme, and (c) the BSS-Minimum Bit Error Ratio (MBER) scheme.

The major contributions of the dissertation include: (a) the three proposed schemes save the commercially expensive cost of channel resources; (b) the proposed SDMA-based uplink MIMO OFDM system simplifies the requirements of antennas for mobile users; (c) the three proposed schemes obtain high parallel computing efficiency through paralleled subcarriers; (d) the proposed BSS-MBER scheme gains the best BER performance; (e) the proposed BSS-MMSE method yields the best computational efficiency; and (f) the proposed BSS-only scenario balances the BER performance and computational complexity.

Available for download on Tuesday, April 22, 2014

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