Document Type

Thesis

Department

Psychology

First Advisor's Name

Jesse S. Michel

First Advisor's Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Victoria Pace

Third Advisor's Name

Chocklingam Viswesvaran

Keywords

Stress, Coping, Core Self-Evaluations, Motivation, Satisfaction, Performance

Date of Defense

1-25-2011

Abstract

The purpose of the current research was to integrate multiple theories of stress appraisals and to empirically test two separate transactional cognitive-appraisal models. It was predicted that the core self-evaluation personality characteristics and motivation orientation would moderate the relationship between challenge and hindrance stressors and coping style. Furthermore, it was predicted that coping would buffer the adverse effects of stress on domain performance and satisfaction. A series of multiple regression analyses were conducted to investigate the predicted moderators. Results suggest that core self-evaluations moderate the relationship between challenge stress and problem-focused coping as predicted in the challenge model but not for the hindrance stress model. Coping style did not significantly buffer the negative effects of stress on performance or satisfaction. Overall, the results provide partial support for the challenge-hindrance framework within the transactional appraisal model of stress.

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