Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Finance

First Advisor's Name

Suchismita Mishra

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Pankaj Jain

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Third Advisor's Name

Ali Parhizgari

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Arun Prakash

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fifth Advisor's Name

Clark Wheatley

Fifth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Keywords

finance, financial management

Date of Defense

5-26-2016

Abstract

This dissertation is comprised of three chapters that focus on three topics related to institutional investors’ and registered insiders’ trading activities around corporate announcements. The purpose of the research is to provide more insights into the trading behavior of institutions and insiders around corporate events when they are influenced by the anticipation and arrival of new information. Data samples are stratified, regression models are estimated, and control variables are added to ensure the results are significant and robust.

The first chapter discusses the information signaling hypothesis around share repurchase announcements. I examine if institutions can trade profitability around the announcement time using signals from insiders and the firm. I find that only transient institutional investors are able to adjust their portfolios to take advantage of the post-announcement price run-up. The second chapter explores the relationship between information asymmetry and the information acquisition process. It appears that institutions prefer using lower cost, small, round lot, 100-share multiples when they can acquire information in advance of the event as in earnings announcements. The last chapter looks at if the information hierarchy hypothesis holds true at the very top of the corporate pyramid. I find that CEO trades are largely ignored and president net purchases have positive effects on merger post-announcement returns. In summary, institutions, insiders, and the firm play important roles in the information dissemination and acquisition process. Hence, their decisions have profound effects on their complicated, interconnected relationships.

Identifier

FIDC000688

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