Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Electrical Engineering

First Advisor's Name

Ismail Guvenc

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Jean H. Andrian

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Third Advisor's Name

Armando Barreto

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Niki Pissinou

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fifth Advisor's Name

Sayandev Mukherjee

Fifth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Keywords

LTE-Advanced, Small Cells, Poisson Point Process, Reduced Power ABS, FeICIC, 5G, UAVs, Public Safety Communications, Interference Coordination, Mobility State Estimation, Velocity Estimation, Sojourn Time, USRP, SDR, Channel Estimation, Device-to-Device, Multi-hop

Date of Defense

3-29-2016

Abstract

In recent years, the increase in the population of mobile users and the advances in computational capabilities of mobile devices have led to an exponentially increasing traffic load on the wireless networks. This trend is foreseen to continue in the future due to the emerging applications such as cellular Internet of things (IoT) and machine type communications (MTC). Since the spectrum resources are limited, the only promising way to keep pace with the future demand is through aggressive spatial reuse of the available spectrum which can be realized in the networks through dense deployment of small cells. There are many challenges associated with such densely deployed heterogeneous networks (HetNets). The main challenges which are considered in this research work are capacity enhancement, velocity estimation of mobile users, and energy efficiency enhancement.

We consider different approaches for capacity enhancement of the network. In the first approach, using stochastic geometry we theoretically analyze time domain inter-cell interference coordination techniques in a two-tier HetNet and optimize the parameters to maximize the capacity of the network. In the second approach, we consider optimization of the locations of aerial bases stations carried by the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to enhance the capacity of the network for public safety and emergency communications, in case of damaged network infrastructure. In the third approach, we introduce a subsidization scheme for the service providers through which the network capacity can be improved by using regulatory power of the government. Finally, we consider the approach of device-to-device communications and multi-hop transmissions for enhancing the capacity of a network.

Velocity estimation of high speed mobile users is important for effective mobility management in densely deployed small cell networks. In this research, we introduce two novel methods for the velocity estimation of mobile users: handover-count based velocity estimation, and sojourn time based velocity estimation. Using the tools from stochastic geometry and estimation theory, we theoretically analyze the accuracy of the two velocity estimation methods through Cramer-Rao lower bounds (CRLBs).

With the dense deployment of small cells, energy efficiency becomes crucial for the sustained operation of wireless networks. In this research, we jointly study the energy efficiency and the spectral efficiency in a two-tier HetNet. We optimize the parameters of inter-cell interference coordination technique and study the trade-offs between the energy efficiency and spectral efficiency of the HetNet.

Identifier

FIDC000245

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