Title

Catalytic oxidation kinetics and mechanisms of commercial dyes by H2O2/iron powder system

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Environmental Engineering

First Advisor's Name

Walter Z. Tang

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Wolfgang F. Rogge

Third Advisor's Name

Hector R. Fuentes

Date of Defense

3-30-1995

Abstract

The oxidation kinetics and mechanisms of commercial dyes by H202 and iron powder system were investigated in a well-mixed batch reactor. The three dyes studied are Reactive Red 120, Direct Blue 160 and Acid Blue 40. There are three major processes involved in the oxidation: iron powder dissolution to Fe2+, dye adsorption by iron powder and dye oxidation by Fenton's reagent. Dissolution of iron powder was the initial step of adsorption and oxidation of the dyes. Dye adsorption obeyed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Both dissolution and adsorption were favorable at pH 2.0 to 2.5. Oxidation by Fenton's reagent was the major process contributed to decolorization. The optimal pH ranged from 3.0 to 3.5. The optimal ratio of H202 to iron metal was 0.001 M to 1.0 g/L. The initial oxidation rate followed pseudo-first-order kinetics. The mechanisms of iron dissolution, dye adsorption and oxidation were proposed in order to explain the experimental phenomena.

Identifier

FI14060176

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