Master of Science (MS)
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Orlando Jacinto Garcia
Third Advisor's Name
Date of Defense
The purpose of this study was to determine the approval to disapproval ratios of feedback given by music and classroom teachers to first, second and third grades. Eight teachers from a South Florida Elementary School were selected for this study.
Twelve 20-minute videos were taken for further examination. Analyses of data using percentage formulas were used to determine the ratio of each of the teacher reinforcement. Classroom teachers gave 2.3% social approval feedback, 59% academic approval feedback, 22% social disapproval feedback, 16.5% academic disapproval feedback, and 0% errors. Music teachers gave .7% social approval feedback, 67% academic approval feedback, 22% social disapproval feedback, 10% academic disapproval feedback, and 0% errors. Today's teachers are 8% more academically approving than thirty years ago. Results also show that today's music teachers are still more approving than classroom teachers.
Brenes, Manuel Emilio, "A descriptive study of the ratio of approval to disapproval demonstrated by music teachers and classroom teachers in first, second, and third grades" (2004). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1745.
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