Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Civil Engineering

First Advisor's Name

Xia Jin

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

L. David Shen

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Third Advisor's Name

Albert Gan

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Mohammed Hadi

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Keywords

Immigrant, Neighborhood effects, behavioral assimilation, travel behavior, mode choice modeling, multinomial logit model, transit, SOV, carpool, Florida

Date of Defense

11-14-2014

Abstract

The goal of this study was to develop Multinomial Logit models for the mode choice behavior of immigrants, with key focuses on neighborhood effects and behavioral assimilation. The first aspect shows the relationship between social network ties and immigrants’ chosen mode of transportation, while the second aspect explores the gradual changes toward alternative mode usage with regard to immigrants’ migrating period in the United States (US). Mode choice models were developed for work, shopping, social, recreational, and other trip purposes to evaluate the impacts of various land use patterns, neighborhood typology, socioeconomic-demographic and immigrant related attributes on individuals’ travel behavior. Estimated coefficients of mode choice determinants were compared between each alternative mode (i.e., high-occupancy vehicle, public transit, and non-motorized transport) with single-occupant vehicles. The model results revealed the significant influence of neighborhood and land use variables on the usage of alternative modes among immigrants. Incorporating these indicators into the demand forecasting process will provide a better understanding of the diverse travel patterns for the unique composition of population groups in Florida.

Identifier

FI14110770

 

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