Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Advisor's Name

George S. Dulikravich

First Advisor's Committee Title

Co-Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Arvind Agarwal

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Co-Committee Chair

Third Advisor's Name

Surendra K. Saxena

Date of Defense

6-4-2010

Abstract

The aim of this work was to develop a new methodology, which can be used to design new refrigerants that are better than the currently used refrigerants. The methodology draws some parallels with the general approach of computer aided molecular design. However, the mathematical way of representing the molecular structure of an organic compound and the use of meta models during the optimization process make it different. In essence, this approach aimed to generate molecules that conform to various property requirements that are known and specified a priori. A modified way of mathematically representing the molecular structure of an organic compound having up to four carbon atoms, along with atoms of other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine and bromine, was developed. The normal boiling temperature, enthalpy of vaporization, vapor pressure, tropospheric lifetime and biodegradability of 295 different organic compounds, were collected from open literature and data bases or estimated. Surrogate models linking the previously mentioned quantities with the molecular structure were developed. Constraints ensuring the generation of structurally feasible molecules were formulated and used in commercially available optimization algorithms to generate molecular structures of promising new refrigerants. This study was intended to serve as a proof-of-concept of designing refrigerants using the newly developed methodology.

Identifier

FI14051142

Comments

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