Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science

Department

Dietetics and Nutrition

Advisor's Name

Evelyn Enrione

Advisor's Title

Committee Chair

Advisor's Name

Marcia Magnus

Advisor's Name

Victoria Castellanos

Date of Defense

4-1-2010

Abstract

Women are a high-risk population for cardiovascular diseases (CVD); however relationships between CVD and subpopulations of mothers are sparse. A secondary data analysis of the 2006 Health Survey of Adults and Children in Bermuda was conducted to compare the prevalence of CVD risk factors in single (n=77) and partnered (n=241) mothers. A higher percentage of single mothers were Black (p<0.001), less educated (p=0.002), and earned less income (p<0.001) than partnered mothers. The majority of all mothers consumed fruits and vegetables below recommendations of the Bermuda Nutrition Services. Fast-food consumption (p=0.068), moderate (p=0.402) and vigorous (p=0.117) physical activity did not differ significantly between the groups. However, significantly more single mothers omitted breakfast (p=0.003), had a BMI >25 kg/m2 (p=0.01) and reported high blood pressure (p=0.004) and high cholesterol (0.017). Single mothers were nearly three times (OR=2.66) more likely to experience high blood pressure and two times (OR= 2.22) more likely to have high cholesterol. Single mothers may benefit from nutrition education programs related to lowering CVD risk.

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