Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science

Department

Dietetics and Nutrition

First Advisor's Name

Evelyn Enrione

First Advisor's Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Marcia Magnus

Third Advisor's Name

Victoria Castellanos

Date of Defense

4-1-2010

Abstract

Women are a high-risk population for cardiovascular diseases (CVD); however relationships between CVD and subpopulations of mothers are sparse. A secondary data analysis of the 2006 Health Survey of Adults and Children in Bermuda was conducted to compare the prevalence of CVD risk factors in single (n=77) and partnered (n=241) mothers. A higher percentage of single mothers were Black (p<0.001), less educated (p=0.002), and earned less income (p<0.001) than partnered mothers. The majority of all mothers consumed fruits and vegetables below recommendations of the Bermuda Nutrition Services. Fast-food consumption (p=0.068), moderate (p=0.402) and vigorous (p=0.117) physical activity did not differ significantly between the groups. However, significantly more single mothers omitted breakfast (p=0.003), had a BMI >25 kg/m2 (p=0.01) and reported high blood pressure (p=0.004) and high cholesterol (0.017). Single mothers were nearly three times (OR=2.66) more likely to experience high blood pressure and two times (OR= 2.22) more likely to have high cholesterol. Single mothers may benefit from nutrition education programs related to lowering CVD risk.

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