Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

International Studies

First Advisor's Name

Jin Zeng

First Advisor's Committee Title

Major Professor

Second Advisor's Name

Markus Thiel

Third Advisor's Name

Peter Craumer

Keywords

Rwanda, Economic Development, Genocide, Reforms, Liberalization, Coffee, Pro-poor, Agriculture, Peace, Intergroup Contact

Date of Defense

4-14-2014

Abstract

The purpose of this thesis was to examine how liberalization and the introduction of pro-poor policies can be successful in post-conflict countries using the Rwanda coffee market as a case study. My research supports the notion that economic development, political stability and peace can be a result of liberalization when policies that are pro-poor and focus on the largest sector of the population are created. The study examines why and how Rwanda chose to liberalize their economy in the way they did by focusing on the intentions of the actors and the effects their actions have had on the coffee market and country as a whole. The findings suggest that Rwanda’s coffee market liberalization has been successful and has contributed to stability and economic development in Rwanda. The conclusion indicates that pro-poor liberalization policies with the assistance from a variety of actors and institutions can lead developing countries on the path to development in ways the international community has not seen before.

Identifier

FI14071156

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