Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Geosciences

First Advisor's Name

Hugh Willoughby

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Chris Landsea

Third Advisor's Name

Haiyan Jiang

Fourth Advisor's Name

Ping Zhu

Keywords

HURDAT, tropical cyclones, hurricanes, tropical storms, extratropical, tropical depressions, tropical waves, reanalysis, disturbance, microfilm, MWR, HWM

Date of Defense

7-1-2014

Abstract

HURDAT is the main historical archive of all tropical storms and hurricanes in the North Atlantic Basin, which includes the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico, from 1851 to the present. HURDAT is maintained and updated annually by the National Hurricane Center at Miami, Florida. Today, HURDAT is widely used by research scientists, operational hurricane forecasters, insurance companies, emergency managers and others. HURDAT contains both systematic biases and random errors. Thus, the reanalysis of HURDAT is vital. For this thesis, HURDAT is reanalyzed for the period of 1954-1963. The track and intensity of each existing tropical cyclone in HURDAT is assessed in the light of 21st century understanding and previously unrecognized tropical cyclones are detected and analyzed. The resulting changes will be recommended to the National Hurricane Center Best Track Change Committee for inclusion in HURDAT.

Identifier

FI14071185

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