Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Speech-Language Pathology

First Advisor's Name

Lemmietta McNeilly

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Mehmet Yavas

Third Advisor's Name

Alfredo Ardila

Date of Defense

11-23-2004

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to gather normative data regarding the phonological system of bilingual Creole-English children ages three and five and to compare performance to norms for English speaking children. The forty participants lived in Miami and represented low socio-economic groups.

Participants were assessed using the Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation-2 and a Haitian Creole Picture Naming Assessment. The results indicated that the percentage of correct phonemes in Creole (M=91.6) were not significantly different when compared to the correct production of the same phonemes in English (M=92.8). Further analysis revealed that the accuracy of all phonemes was higher for the five-year (M= 90.8) as compared to the three-year-olds (M= 85) in Creole. In English, the five-year-olds performed better than the three-year-olds participants.

These findings revealed patterns of phonological development in bilingual Creole/English Children similar to patterns reported in other bilingual children. This information is essential in the evaluation and treatment of this population.

Identifier

FI14050464

Comments

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