Master of Science (MS)
First Advisor's Name
Richard T. Schoephoerster
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Third Advisor's Name
James E. Moore
Date of Defense
Synthetic tri-leaflet heart valves generally fail in the long-term use (more than 10 years). Tearing and calcification of the leaflets usually cause failure of these valves as a consequence of high tensile and bending stresses borne on the material. The primary purpose of this study was to explore the possibilities of a new polymer composite to be used as synthetic tri-leaflet heart valve material. This composite was comprised of polystyrene-polyisobutylene-polystyrene (Quatromer), a proprietary polymer, embedded with continuous polypropylene (PP) fibers. Quatromer had been found to be less likely to degrade in vivo than polyurethane. Moreover, it was postulated that a decrease in tears and perforations might result from fiber-reinforced leaflets reducing high stresses on the leaflets. The static and dynamic mechanical properties of the Quatromer/PP composite were compared with those of an implant-approved polyurethane (PU) for cardiovascular applications. Results show that the reinforcement of Quatromer with PP fibers improves both its static and dynamic properties as compared to the PU. Hence, this composite has the potential to be a more suitable material for synthetic tri-leaflet heart valves.
Aguirre, Andres Felipe, "Static and dynamic mechanical testing of a polymer with potential use as heart valve material" (2003). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1162.
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