Anxiety sensitivity in children and the development of panic and anxiety in adolescents: A prospective study
Research with adult samples has identified a cognitive risk factor for the development of panic and other anxiety disorders in the concept of anxiety sensitivity. The research to date on anxiety sensitivity in children, using the Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index (CASI), suggests that the CASI may help to garner knowledge regarding the development of anxiety sensitivity and also help to understand the development of panic attacks, panic disorder and other anxiety disorders in youth. To examine the development of anxiety sensitivity and its relation to panic in youth, data were collected on 44 children in 1998 who were administered the CASI in 1991. Results indicated that children whose CASI scores increased from Time 1 to Time 2 were significantly more likely to report experiencing panic attacks than children whose CASI scores decreased from Time 1 to Time 2. Specifically, 64% (9/14) of children whose CASI scores increased from Time 1 to Time 2 reported having one or more panic attacks versus 36% (5/14) reported having none. Moreover, 72% (21/29) of children whose CASI scores decreased from Time 1 to Time 2 reported no panic attacks. These results suggest that childhood may be the time when anxiety sensitivity as a risk factor for panic and panic disorder is developing. Results are discussed in terms of their relevance for understanding the development of panic and the need for further research to determine the generalizability of these findings in larger samples of children followed over different time spans. ^
Psychology, Developmental|Psychology, Clinical|Psychology, Cognitive
Weems, Carl Fredrick, "Anxiety sensitivity in children and the development of panic and anxiety in adolescents: A prospective study" (1999). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI9946902.